or Call: Call 1300 - 4 - TODAY

Inventory Management Consultants

To resolve problems, you first need to identify the cause.

Inventory Management Consultants:

If your inventory is more business burden than business backbone, it is time to review.

Your success revolves around maintaining exactly the right stock levels. Too little stock, and you can’t meet customer expectations and service level agreements.

Our Inventory Consulting Services

To resolve problems, you first need to identify the cause.
Supply Today specialise in inventory management processes. We can review your process and identify exactly where it’s failing you.  Just as importantly, we can show you how to fix it and how much money you’ll save by doing so. (We can even fix it for you!)

An inventory management reviews cover a multitude of areas, including:

  • What is the true cost of inventory holding?
  • How much money could you add to the bottom line with good inventory management?
  • How do you reduce your exposure to obsolete and excess inventory?
  • How much are back orders causing you in lost sales and customer perception?
  • What are customer service levels – can you afford good customer service?
  • What safety stock levels do you need to keep?
  • What are the elements of inventory?

No matter what your company size or industry segment – small or mid-sized or complex blue chip enterprise – an Inventory Consultant can dramatically improve your inventory management processes.

With more than 30 years’ experience in inventory management and inventory stock control, we can transform your inventory management from business burden into business backbone.

Why do you keep inventory?

Inventory are those stocks or items used to support production (raw materials and work-in-process items), supporting activities (maintenance, repair, and operating supplies), and customer service (finished goods and spare parts). Inventory functions are anticipation, hedge, cycle (lot size), functions (safety stock, buffer, or reserve) and transportation (pipeline) and service parts.

In your business:

Why do you keep inventory?
What is the true cost of inventory holding?
How much money can you add to the bottom line with good inventory management?
How do you reduce you exposure to obsolete and excess inventory?
How much are back orders causing you in lost sales and customer perception?

So, what is Inventory?

What are service levels?

A desired measure (usually expressed as a percentage) of satisfying demand through inventory or by the current production schedule in time to satisfy the customers requested delivery dates and quantities.

What types of inventory are there?
There are many was to look at inventories.
Inventories include raw materials: purchased items or extracted materials that are converted via the manufacturing process into components and products.

Work-in-process:
a product or products in various stages of completion throughout the plant.

Subassemblies:
An assembly that is used at a higher level to build another assembly finished goods: Items ready for sale to a customer

MRO:
maintenance, repair and operation supplies

What is the function of inventory?
Safety stocks: In general a quantity of stock planned to be in inventory to protect against fluctuations in demand or supply.

Cycle stocks: that which depletes gradually as customer orders are received and is replenished cyclically when supplier orders are received. The other is a cushion of protection against uncertainty in the demand or in the replenishment lead time.  

Pipeline stock: inventory to fill the transportation network and the distribution system including the flow through intermediate stocking point.

Promotional products: a product that is subject to wide fluctuations in sales because it is usually sold at a reduced price or with some other sales incentive.

What are the elements of inventory?
Over time, demand and the ability to service demand (replenish inventory) can vary. Forecasts may not be precise due to uncertainties, so, a reserve of stock (safety stock) may be necessary to reduce inventory shortages (stock-outs). Inventory levels above the safety stock and normal demand are considered excess inventory.

Why do you hold inventory?
Reasons for holding inventory:
purchased parts:
variations in supplier lead time
quantity discounts
price changes
scarcities of materials
manufactured parts:
cover period between production runs
allow flexibility in production scheduling
variations in product demand (safety stock)
economies of scale.

Why does inventory cost ~30% to hold?
Cost of inventory production and holding:
order/setup costs:
cost of replenishing inventory through changes in the production run for a different item includes labour and other associated costs
carrying costs:
cost of capital
insurance costs
cost of space, staff
inventory handling, deterioration, damage, obsolescence, insurance

What are my opportunity costs:
restriction of other investments that could have been made with the same money in other parts of your business stock-out costs:
lost sale
halted production.

What are the objectives of inventory control:
minimise costs:
minimise working capital investment
minimise inventory carrying costs
minimise scrap and rework
provide the highest level of customer service possible for the investment.

Inventory management tasks:
make decisions about:
safety stock
replenishment production runs
excess stock.

Inventory must be managed differently for:
Independent demand: influenced by market conditions
Dependent demand: derived from the production of parent items.

ABC inventory management methodologies:
ABC-Analysis (Parato)

ABC analysis of inventory:
select a criterion (sales / usage) based on importance
rank the inventory items on criterion
calculate the cumulative sales and/or usage for all items
assign items into A, B, C groups
assign inventory levels and warehouse locations for each item.

ABC classification, where items are not of equal importance:

A-items: few items (ex. 20 %) which have a high rate of usage and/or high unit cost and account for 80 % of the total value of usage in the inventory

B-items: number of items (ex. 30 %) which in total account for 15 % of the total value of usage

C-items: great many items (ex. 50 %) with low individual usage and/or low unit value which in total account for only 5 % of the total value of usage

ABC and inventory control efforts:

A-items: very careful management and careful estimates of future usage. B-items: routine management and routine effort in forecasting demand. C-items: little effort in forecasting demand, however be careful for strategic items (safety stock).

Inventory management controls:
Inventory systems include:
two-bin replenishment system:
used for low value , non-critical items (i.e..... class C items)
relies on visual inspection of declining inventory
one bin contains enough material to meet needs between the time one order is received and another is placed
second bin (also called the "reserve bin") contains enough material to meet needs between placing an order and receiving the materials
if production taps into the reserve bin, additional materials must be ordered immediately reorder point system: amount ordered when inventory declines to a predetermined level (ROP) considers:
when to order (reorder point)
how much to order (order quantity)

Periodic review systems:
after predetermined fixed passages of time, orders are placed for variable amounts consider:
how much to order (order quantity)
how long between orders (reorder time interval)

Materials Requirements Planning (MRP): assumes variable demand throughout production calculates component requirements based on the Master Production Schedule (MPS), Bill of Material and inventory data materials are purchased only when the MPS has them scheduled for use materials are pushed through a plant

MRP II systems share information with other functional departments, outside the operations area (i.e., purchasing, sales, cost accounting). These systems plan the use of company resources, including scheduling raw materials, vendors, production, equipment and processes

JIT: A different approach to reordering:
activities that add no value are waste, material only is supplied when it is requested from the next step in the production process (pull system) these requests are called kanban.

How Much to Order:
Economic Order Quantity (EOQ):
the lot size that minimizes total annual inventory holding and ordering costs assumptions:
annual demand is constant.
forecast is perfect (no random error)
all costs are constant and linear
lead time is known and constant.
Economic Order Quantity (EOQ): variations quantity discounts: product cost is function of the order quantity
variations in demand: safety stock
variations in lead time: safety stock.

When to Order:
Reorder point (R.O.P.)

Safety Stock:
Level of safety stock with a set service level: track historical sales to find:
average
standard deviation
establish % service level
find Z-score from distribution table
SS = (Z-score) * Standard Deviation

Excess Inventory:
Reasons for excess inventory include:
engineering changes
spoilage
defects
technical obsolescence
lack of market demand.

Inventory Counting Methods:
Cycle counting:
a few experienced people count continuously throughout the year
timely detection of errors
fewer mistakes in item identification
minimal loss of production time
systematic improvement of record accuracy.

End of year:
many inexperienced people count inventory in a short hectic period once per year no correction or cause of errors
many mistakes in item identification
plant and warehouse shutdown for inventory
no improvement of inventory accuracy.

Suggestions - A step action plan:
Find out why you have inventories
Analyse the present situation
Do an ABC-analysis
Define the inventory levels
Define the inventory system
Define key performance indicators
Introduce key performance follow-up reports

Rationalise Products:
Print and analyse lists of slow-moving and Class C items
Monthly evaluation
Action plans
Follow-up

Reduce Excess:
try to move the order decoupling point to an early stage in the supply chain to reduce inventory holding (carrying) cost:

ABC - item management
shorten replenishment cycles.

Key Performance indicators:
Inventory turnover:
Stock coverage:
stockholding x 52 weeks / annual usage
Customer satisfaction:
comparison of % of demand actually satisfied with the defined service level
number of back orders.

Let’s get started!

Call Supply Today on Call 1300 - 4 - TODAY

inventory

Inventory Management

Logistics - Anything but simple

Logistics are all about getting the correct products to your customers - consistently, on time.


Simple. Or is it?

In order for your supply chain to work seamlessly, your logistics require flexible and agile coordination of a complex set of processes, operations and systems.


It takes a best practice consulting solutions provider with experience, knowledge, proven methodology and the ever-more important, technological capabilities to provide accurate, fast Logistics Consultants.


At Supply Today we practice what we preach.


That's what our clients want - and that's what we provide.

Call 1300 - 486 - 329 today.

Back...